Fedora 20 upgrade FedUp

FedUp (FEDora UPgrader) is the recommended tool for upgrading a recent Fedora installation. It’s a very neat tool for upgrading a system and I think other distributions that don’t use a rolling release system should look at implementing one for their distribution.

In this short tutorial, I’ll show how I upgraded a Fedora 20 Cinnamon desktop to Fedora 21 (Cinnamon) using FedUp. The same steps can be used for upgrading any other Fedora Spin. For the main edition, which uses the GNOME 3 desktop environment, a slight change has to be made to the command’s options.

Before upgrading, be sure that your system is fully updated. If not, run yum update. After that, reboot, then install FedUp by typing yum install fedup. If you’re using sudo, affix it to those commands.

To initiate the system upgrade, type one of the commands given in this code block.

# Upgrade the system by typing

fedup --network 21 --product=nonproduct

# For an unattended upgrade, type

fedup --network 21 --product=nonproduct --reboot

Upgrading over the network, which is what the – -network option does, is recommended. Why? One, because you don’t have to bother with downloading anything manually prior to upgrading, and two, because you get the latest, stable packages available in the repositories. By appending the – -reboot option to the command, you can initiate the upgrade and walk away. FedUp will cause an auto-reboot after the first step has completed successfully. Note that a FedUp upgrade is a 2-step process. In the first step, the packages to be upgraded are downloaded. The second step, which takes place after a reboot at the end of the first step, is when the packages are upgraded.

Related Post:  Fedora 16 KDE and GNOME 3 Alpha screenshots

Prior to Fedora 21, the – -product= option did not exist. It’s used to specify upgrading to a preferred Fedora flavor – workstation, nonproduct, server and cloud. Workstation is for upgrading to the main Fedora desktop, which uses the GNOME 3 desktop, while nonproduct is used to upgrade to other supported desktop environments – Cinnamon, KDE, LXDE and Xfce.

If after typing any of the upgrade commands in the above code block you get messages like those in the code block below, then the upgrade attempt failed. Those lines came from an upgrade attempt of a Fedora 20 KDE desktop, my main desktop. The obvious problem has to do the verification and download of signing keys. The official FedUp page recommends passing the command the – -nogpgcheck option to bypass the check and verification.

(2688/2690): zip-3.0-12.fc21.x86_64.rpm                                                  | 266 kB  00:00:04     
(2689/2690): zlib-devel-1.2.8-7.fc21.x86_64.rpm                                          |  54 kB  00:00:05     
(2690/2690): zenity-3.14.0-1.fc21.x86_64.rpm                                             | 3.4 MB  00:00:09   
  
Importing GPG key 0x95A43F54:
 Userid     : "Fedora (21) <fedora@fedoraproject.org>"
 Fingerprint: 6596 b8fb abda 5227 a9c5 b59e 89ad 4e87 95a4 3f54
 Package    : fedora-release-20-3.noarch (@updates/20)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-fedora-21-x86_64

Importing GPG key 0x6446D859:
 Userid     : "RPM Fusion free repository for Fedora (21) <rpmfusion-buildsys@lists.rpmfusion.org>"
 Fingerprint: e9af 4932 31e2 df6f fdfe 0852 3c83 7d0d 6446 d859
 Package    : rpmfusion-free-release-20-1.noarch (@/rpmfusion-free-release-20.noarch/20)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-rpmfusion-free-fedora-21

Importing GPG key 0xA668B376:
 Userid     : "RPM Fusion nonfree repository for Fedora (21) <rpmfusion-buildsys@lists.rpmfusion.org>"
 Fingerprint: e160 058e f06f a4c3 c15d 0f86 0174 46d1 a668 b376
 Package    : rpmfusion-nonfree-release-20-1.noarch (@/rpmfusion-nonfree-release-20.noarch/20)
 From       : /etc/pki/rpm-gpg/RPM-GPG-KEY-rpmfusion-nonfree-fedora-21

Downloading failed: Didn't install any keys

If, however, you get messages like the one below, then you may reboot the system to initiate step two of the upgrade process.

setting up system for upgrade
Finished. Reboot to start upgrade.
Packages without updates:
  aic94xx-firmware-30-6.fc20.noarch
  flac-libs-1.3.1-1.fc20.x86_64
  icedtea-web-1.5.2-0.fc20.x86_64
  prelink-0.5.0-1.fc20.x86_64
  sqlite-3.8.7.2-1.fc20.x86_64
  1:anaconda-yum-plugins-1.0-10.fc20.noarch

WARNING: problems were encountered during transaction test:
  broken dependencies
    icedtea-web-1.5.2-0.fc20.x86_64 requires java-1.7.0-openjdk-1:1.7.0.71-2.5.3.0.fc20.x86_64

Continue with the upgrade at your own risk.

Without – -reboot option in the FedUp upgrade command, you’ll have to reboot the system manually after the first step has completed. And when you do, you should see a new option – System Upgrade (fedup) – in GRUB’s menu as shown in Figure 1.

Fedora 20 upgrade FedUp
Figure 1: GRUB menu of Fedora 20 Cinnamon while upgrading to Fedora 21.

After the second step has completed successfully, it will reboot. And when you log in, you should have a very good Fedora 21 Cinnamon desktop.

Fedora 21 Cinnamon desktop
Figure 13: Fedora 21 Cinnamon desktop showing the menu.

And it should be running Cinnamon 2.4.5, the very latest version of the desktop environment brought to you by the Linux Mint project. The menu you see in Figure 1 is not the default Cinnamon menu, but the Configurable Menu. See Configurable Menu: Install the best menu for Linux Mint 17/17.1 Cinnamon.

 Fedora 21 Cinnamon 2.4.5
Figure 14: A new installation of Fedora 21 Cinnamon should be sporting Cinnamon 2.4.5.

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14 Responses

    1. I don’t see any option to remove the panel completely from the desktop. The only thing that can be done with it, is flip it to the top edge of the desktop, then install Cairo-Dock and make sure you use a Cairo-Dock theme that has no upper sub-dock.

      I tried it once, but did not like it, as the desktop does not look good with both Cairo-Dock and the main panel active.

      And I checked to see if there’s a package that can be uninstalled that will remove the panel, but couldn’t find any.

  1. I found another two quirks in Olivia.

    Occassionally, Olivia forgets to allow me to enter my password when resuming from a screensaver. This mostly happens when I have Virtualbox on. I have to select switch user and then log-in as myself once again.

    The second quirk is when Olivia has been in suspend mode for sometime (an hour or more), and occassionally refuses to wake up. I usually have to hit ALT+PrtScrn+R+E+I+S+U+B or Recycle power.

  2. I am using Mint 15. However, instead of Cinnamon, I prefer to use Cairo-Dock, as I like the panel on the left of my screen.

    I want the window controls (minimize, maximize, close) to be on the left side also. This is simple when I use Cinnamon, but not possible when using Cairo-dock. Even changing in metacity within gconf-editor does not help.

    Will be grateful if anyone can show how to accomplish this.

    1. You can install Cairo-Dock and place the dock on the left edge of the desktop. That’s no problem.

      The problem is, what do you do with the default Cinnamon panel? I’ve not found a way to remove it from the desktop, so if you place Cairo-Dock on the left edge, the top or bottom part of it will be hitting part of the Cinnamon panel.

      regarding he window controls, once you set it in Cinnamon, it remains the same even when Cairo-Dock is in use. I have it so on a test installation.

      1. I start the computer with “compiz –replace” and select Cairo-dock (gnome), which takes care of the cinnamon panel, ie. I do not have any Cinnamon panel. Additionally, I use a two-panel theme of Cairo-dock which gives me a left-panel and a top-panel.

        I use the same settings for Mint 13 & 14 as well, and have no problems setting the window controls on the left. However, in Mint 15, I cannot change them to the left, no matter what I do.

        It may be working for you since you still have the Cinnamon panels left over in Cairo-Dock. Try to get rid of Cinnamon and see whether you can shift the controls to the left.

  3. It happens using either a copy over a Samba connection or with a USB attached hard drive or flash drive. I general do the transfer through the GUI using the file manager. I have not checked to see if the problem occurs using the cp command. Hitting the stop button doesn’t terminate the process. I have to go in and kill the nemo program. I’ve tried three of the flavors of Mint and all have shown the same problem.

  4. I was really impressed with Linux Mint but ran into a big problem. If I transfer very large files or a large number of files, the file transfer will randomly stop and hang. I ran into this problem originally with version 14 and installed 15 to see if it fixed it. To my despair, 15 showed the same problem. I’ve been trying to find if there is a fix for this problem but have not found one. I’ve tried this on several machines to rule out a machine problem.

      1. It happens using either a copy over a Samba connection or with a USB attached hard drive or flash drive. I general do the transfer through the GUI using the file manager. I have not checked to see if the problem occurs using the cp command. Hitting the stop button doesn’t terminate the process. I have to go in and kill the nemo program. I’ve tried three of the flavors of Mint and all have shown the same problem.

          1. Maybe it is a problem with new distros because I’ve never run into this problem with Ubuntu 10.04 or 12.04. Also it wouldn’t explain why I have the problem with the USB external drive.

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