Btrfs lacks encryption

One change that was implemented in openSUSE 13.2 makes Btrfs the default file system for the root (main) partition. That makes openSUSE the first desktop distribution to use Btrfs as a default file system for any partition.

That should be encouraging news for the Btrfs development team, because the core of Btrfs has been marked as “no longer unstable” for sometime. In some circles, that means production-ready. In fact a few companies have been using Btrfs in their products, including Facebook, which was testing it in production in April (2014)

If you’re new to this, Btrfs is a copy on write (CoW) file system for Linux with many advanced features that are not available in the existing default Linux file systems – Ext3, Ext4, Xfs and a few others.

In Figure 1, you can see the partitions on a default installation of openSUSE 13.2. I’m sure you noticed that the root partition (/dev/sda2) is formatted with the Btrfs file system, and that a separate partition for /home, uses XFS. That came across as strange, because if Btrfs can be used for root, why couldn’t it also be the default for /home? I don’t have the anser to that, but I’m sure there’s a good reason for it.

Btrfs on openSUSE 13.2
Figure 1: Default partitions on openSUSE 13.2. Btrfs is the default for the root partition.

So now that Btrfs is the default file system on openSUSE, when will other distributions follow suit? It’s hard for me to say exactly when, but it is important to note that it is not even available as a file system option in the graphical installer of Linux Mint 17 and 17.1. It is, however, a file system option in Ubuntu 14.10 and also in recent releases of Fedora.

Related Post:  Building a Fedora-Based VoIP Server

Knowing how these things work in the development communities of those distributions, I think a good guess will be that Fedora will be the next distribution. And if that’s going to happen, it’s definitely not going to be this year, because installation images of the last Fedora release of 2014 is scheduled to hit download mirrors near you late next week. So mid-2015 is the earliest we expect other distributions to join the openSUSE bandwagon.

Related Post:  4 things to do after installing Ubuntu 14.04

Figure 2 shows available file system options on the graphical installer of openSUSE 13.2.

Btrfs file system format
Figure 2: File system options on openSUSE 13.2.

One thing that caught my attention in openSUSE 13.2 is that the root partition cannot be encrypted, with Btrfs selected. I think that’s because in the default partitioning scheme, there’s no separate partition for /boot.

Btrfs lacks encryption
Figure 3: With Btrfs selected, the root partition cannot be encrypted.

In another first for openSUSE, Btrfs is the default persistent file system in live images of the installation media transfered to a USB stick. By mid-2015, we’ll see what other distribution matches that.


Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on pinterest
Share on linkedin

Hola! Did you notice that no longer runs network ads?  Yep, no more ads from the usual suspects that track you across the Internet.  But since  I still need to pay to keep the site running, feel free to make a small donation by PayPal.

Subscribe for updates. Trust me, no spam!

Mailchimp Signup Form

Sponsored links

1. Attend Algorithm Conference, a top AI and ML event for 2020.
2. Reasons to use control panel for your server.
3. DHgate Computers Electronics, Cell Phones & more.

2 Responses

  1. Btrfs is on root because in case of unexpected troubles, you can always re-install the system. While on /home where there are user data, you can not count on a re-install.

    1. Thanks for the explanation, but by not using Btrfs for /home, you do lose all the features that it brings to the table when it comes to managing that partition.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Get the latest

On social media
Via my newsletter
Mailchimp Signup Form

Partner links

1. Attend Algorithm Conference, a top AI and ML event for 2021.
2. Reasons to use control panel for your server.
3. DHgate Computers Electronics, Cell Phones & more.
Hacking, pentesting distributions

Linux Distributions for Hacking

Experts use these Linux distributions for hacking, digital forensics, and pentesting.


The authors of these books are confirmed to speak during

Algorithm Conference

T-minus AI

Author was the first chairperson of AI for the U.S. Air Force.

The case for killer robots

Author is the Director of the Center for Natural and Artificial Intelligence.

Why greatness cannot be planned

Author works on AI safety as a Senior Research Scientist at Uber AI Labs.

Anastasia Marchenkova

An invitation from Anastasia Marchenkova

Hya, after stints as a quantum researcher at Georgia Tech Quantum Optics & Quantum Telecom Lab, and the University of Maryland Joint Quantum Institute, I’m now working on superconducting qubit quantum processors at Bleximo. I’ll be speaking during Algorithm Conference in Austin, Texas, July 16 – 18, 2020. Meet me there and let’s chat about progress and hype in quantum computing.