One change that was implemented in openSUSE 13.2 makes Btrfs the default file system for the root (main) partition. That makes openSUSE the first desktop distribution to use Btrfs as a default file system for any partition.
That should be encouraging news for the Btrfs development team, because the core of Btrfs has been marked as “no longer unstable” for sometime. In some circles, that means production-ready. In fact a few companies have been using Btrfs in their products, including Facebook, which was testing it in production in April (2014)
If you’re new to this, Btrfs is a copy on write (CoW) file system for Linux with many advanced features that are not available in the existing default Linux file systems – Ext3, Ext4, Xfs and a few others.
In Figure 1, you can see the partitions on a default installation of openSUSE 13.2. I’m sure you noticed that the root partition (/dev/sda2) is formatted with the Btrfs file system, and that a separate partition for /home, uses XFS. That came across as strange, because if Btrfs can be used for root, why couldn’t it also be the default for /home? I don’t have the anser to that, but I’m sure there’s a good reason for it.
So now that Btrfs is the default file system on openSUSE, when will other distributions follow suit? It’s hard for me to say exactly when, but it is important to note that it is not even available as a file system option in the graphical installer of Linux Mint 17 and 17.1. It is, however, a file system option in Ubuntu 14.10 and also in recent releases of Fedora.
Knowing how these things work in the development communities of those distributions, I think a good guess will be that Fedora will be the next distribution. And if that’s going to happen, it’s definitely not going to be this year, because installation images of the last Fedora release of 2014 is scheduled to hit download mirrors near you late next week. So mid-2015 is the earliest we expect other distributions to join the openSUSE bandwagon.
Figure 2 shows available file system options on the graphical installer of openSUSE 13.2.
One thing that caught my attention in openSUSE 13.2 is that the root partition cannot be encrypted, with Btrfs selected. I think that’s because in the default partitioning scheme, there’s no separate partition for /boot.
In another first for openSUSE, Btrfs is the default persistent file system in live images of the installation media transfered to a USB stick. By mid-2015, we’ll see what other distribution matches that.
Btrfs is on root because in case of unexpected troubles, you can always re-install the system. While on /home where there are user data, you can not count on a re-install.
Thanks for the explanation, but by not using Btrfs for /home, you do lose all the features that it brings to the table when it comes to managing that partition.