Mint, Tutorials/Tips

How to dual-boot Linux Mint 13 Cinnamon/MATE and Windows 7

Linux Mint 13 Cinnamon and Linux Mint 13 MATE are the latest editions of the popular Linux desktop distribution based on Ubuntu Desktop. This tutorial presents a step-by-step guide on how to dual-boot either one with Windows 7 on a computer with a single hard drive.

Because the Cinnamon and MATE editions of Linux Mint 13 share the same installation program, the steps involved are the same regardless of the edition you use. For this tutorial, a 32-bit installation image of the Cinnamon edition was used.

If your computer is running a self-installed copy of Windows 7, the default number of partitions will be just like the ones shown in the image below. Keep in mind that the partitions on an OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer) installation could be different. For this tutorial, the operating assumption is that you computer is running a self-installed copy of Windows 7. Note: On your computer, make a mental note of the amount of free space on the C drive listed on this image. You will need the information during the installation of Linux Mint 13.
Windows 7 Partitions

The objective here is to install Linux Mint 13 on the same hard drive, with GRUB, Linux Mint’s boot loader, installed in the boot partition (of Linux Mint), leaving Windows 7’s boot programs in the hard drive’s Master Boot Record (MBR) untouched. Then using another application to add an entry for Linux Mint 13 in Windows 7’s boot menu, so that at boot time, you will be able to choose which operating system to boot into. Selecting Windows 7 will cause the computer to boot into Windows 7 and selecting Linux Mint 13 will boot the system into your newly installed copy of Linux Mint 13, but not after a brief stop at Linux Mint’s boot menu.
Windows 7 Boot Menu

After creating partitions for and installing Linux Mint 13, the new partitions as seen from inside Windows 7 will look a lot different. This image shows the partitions from the computer used for this tutorial after the dual-boot operating has completed.
Windows 7 Linux Mint 13 Partitions

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For this tutorial, the partitions that will be created for Linux Mint 13 are: a partition mounted at /boot; root partition mounted at /; a partition mounted at /home; and a Swap partition. You do not need to create all four, but that is what will be done for this tutorial.

What do you need to complete this tutorial? Just five items:

  • This tutorial
  • You, and an Internet-connected computer, needed to read this tutorial.
  • An installation image of Linux Mint 13 (MATE or Cinnamon edition). You may download it from here. Burn the downloaded image to a DVD, or transfer it to a USB flash drive.
  • The target computer running Windows 7 (Note: you may opt to reinstall Windows 7 anew)
  • EasyBCD – a free software from NeoSmart Technologies that will be used to add an entry for Linux Mint 13 in Windows 7’s boot menu

Note: If you are not familiar with disk partitioning in Linux and how to dual-boot operating systems, it is highly recommended that you read guide to disks and disk partitions in Linux and tips for dual-booting Windows and Linux before continuing with the rest of this tutorial.

Now that we have a pretty good idea of what we need to accomplish, time to get it done. To start, boot the computer from the Linux Mint 13 DVD installation image that you made. Linux Mint 13 DVD is a Live DVD and by default, will boot into a Live desktop environment. Click on the installer’s icon on the desktop to start the installation process. When the installer starts, click through the first steps until you get to the one shown below. You definitely do not want to select the second option. Like the second option, selecting the first option will lead to an automatic partitioning of the free space needed to install Linux Mint 13.
Mint 13 Disk Partition Options

Selecting the first option will actually bring you to this step, where you can see how the installer will resize the main Windows 7 partition (the C drive). The problem with selecting the first option, is that GRUB will be installed in the MBR of the hard drive, where it will overwrite Windows 7’s boot files. Since this is not what we want to do, the only option left, is the last option (Something else). So, if you are at this step, click the Back button.
Mint 13 Install

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Selecting Something else and clicking Continue will bring you to the Advanced Partitioning Tool. “Advanced” does not mean that the tool is really advanced, it just means that it is for people who know how to partition disks in Linux. If you read and understood the material discussed in guide to disks and disk partitions in Linux, consider yourself an advanced user.

The main window of Advanced Partitioning Tool is shown below. By default, the partitions listed at this step – sda1 and sda2, are the two Windows 7 partition that we saw on the first image on this page. In Windows’ parlance, sda2 is the C drive, while sda1 is the System Reserved partition.
Linux Mint 13 Advanced Partition Tool

The task here is to resize sda2, freeing up enough space that will be used to create the partitions for installing Linux Mint 13. To begin, select sda2 and click Change.
Linux Mint 13 Windows Partition

This is the resize window, also known as the Edit Partition window. The sda2 on the computer used for this tutorial has about 320 GB of disk space. How much of that disk space we can free up depends, of course, on what is available. This is where you have to be very careful.
Linux Mint 13 Resize Windows Partition

The system used for this tutorial was a recent installation, so Windows 7 has only used about 7 GB. With that, I decided to allocate 100 GB to Windows. That amount is what should be shown in the New partition size field. And that is all you need to do here. Click OK.
Linux Mint 13 Resized Windows Partition

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  1. First of all thanks a lot for your tutorial: it is really good. I followed your steps one by one for Mint15 on Win7. It installed as required and after adding Mint to bootlist via BCD, i saw it too. But when i click on mint on startup, it takes me to a command prompt related to grub; i can not get into mint directly. Then what i do is to reboot. By the way, my computer has two hard drives, each is 750gb. Windows is installed in one of them and i installed mint on to the other one. Is it a broblem? Thanks in advance.

    • If you are dual-booting on 2 HDDs, then you don’t need to do anything using Easy(BCD).

      You just have to determine what OS to boot by default, then make the HDD with that OS the default boot disk.

      Assuming that Win7 is the first OS to be installed on one of the HDDs, and then Mint 15 was installed on the other. The Mint installer will add an entry for Win7 in its boot menu, so if you make the Mint HDD the default, you can boot any OS you like any time you start the computer.

      • Thanks for quick reply.

        I changed the boot order from bios and booted from the second hard drive: as you said, grub loader showed up and i successfully started mint. But on the grub list, windows did not show up, just a windows recovery entry was included.

        Two questions: Is it possible to enlist both OS in one boot-list? If it is possible, from which hard drive should I boot in?

        Final question: Is there any good in installing mint in another hard drive, separate from the hard drive on which Win7 is installed?

        • Note that when possible, it is better to dual-boot on 2 HDDs. So that if something bad happens to Windows it is not likely to affect the other HDD, at least not immediately.

          Make the Linux Mint HDD the default, and if you don’t see an entry for Windows in this boot menu, read on.

          There should have been an entry for Windows in the boot menu of Linux Mint. If not, reinstalling GRUB in the Mint HDD should add it automatically. What is the device name of the Mint HDD, is it /dev/sda or /dev/sdb?

          If you don’t know, you can find out by starting an application called Disk from the menu. Just open the menu and search for “disk.” You should see all the HDDs attached to the computer.

          If the Mint HDD is /dev/sda, then from a shell terminal, type sudo grub-install /dev/sda. Use sudo grub-install /dev/sdb if the HDD is /dev/sdb. The command will reinstall GRUB in the HDD specified.

          Just be careful not to specify the Windows HDD, as that will overwrite Windows boot files in the MBR.

  2. GrandAdmiral

    Very helpful and worked perfectly for Linux Mint 15 on a Dell with Windows 7 installed. Thanks!

  3. hi, I do not speak english and do not even know how to write (I’m using google translator) but your tuorial was very efficient, I managed to install linux mint 13 in dual boot with windows 7 and efi bios with 4 primary partitions (I converted a partition from primary to logical) and I followed step by step instructions and it works great


  4. el_silloneb

    Great stuff but do you know a work around for dual booting this way with Mint 15 & XP? (EasyBCD only work with Vista upwards)

    Also, I’m wanting to include a FAT32 partition in there so I can share files between the OSs, any ideas on how to go about that?

    Thanks for the tutorial.

    • I don’t have XP, so I’ve not tried it to see how it can be done. You may have to learn how to use a Microsoft tool to do what EasyBCD does.

      To share files between the OSs, you don’t have to do anything special, certainly no need for a FAT32 partition. After installation, you can access your Windows files from Linux right from the file manager. See How to access Microsoft Windows files and folders from Linux.

      • el_sillonb

        That’s true but from what I’ve read Linux has no problem reading from NTFS but it’s write ability is prone to data corruption on occasion as MS is protective over its code.

        I really want to be able to bounce the files back and forth between programs in the different OSs without the risk of damaging it, a FAT32 “no-man’s land” seems like a good neutral way to accomplish this.

        I know that this solution is not to everyone’s taste but it is the solution that I would like to try before I fall back on anything else.

        Thanks for taking an interest.

        • I’ve never lost data copying files to and fro an NTFS partition between Linux and Windows. But if you choose FAT32, be sure to create the partition from Windows.

          • Thanks, I will do.

            Still leaves me with the problem of EasyBCD not working with XP…

          • I found a copy of Windows XP, which I’m not usre whether it will boot or not. If it does, I’ll try and set up a test installation to see if I can dual-boot it with Mint 15.

  5. Worked like a dream with mint 15 and windows 7 as well. Great tutorial!

  6. Abdulla Nur Faisal

    COOLIesT tutorial EveRRRRRRRRRRRRR!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
    i had so many confusions with literally solved em all!!!…this guide is very very well written..i am pretty sure you are one of wisest linux masters out there!!!!…awesome guide for windows users and linux n00bs like me!!!!!!…:D

  7. Abdulkadir

    oh,you know this is not only tutorials really it is a complete course.

  8. Dael Copeland

    I don’t see any benefit to adding Easy BCD. After I installed BCD and booted, I still get the GRUB options page where Linux and Windows 7 are listed. If I select Linux Mint it launches. If I select Windows 7 that takes me to the Easy BCD launch page where there are two options.

  9. By far the best explanation there is to find in the Realm of the Internet! Thank you for allowing me to experience Linux!

  10. worked like a dream with linux mint 14 and windows 7, thanks very much

  11. Zeeshan Aziz

    Thanks!!! Great Tutorial. Now i have windows 7 in dual mode with Linux Mint 14 (Nadia) cinnamon 64-bit installed on my laptop.

  12. Great tutorial, thanks!

  13. dory dasbooty

    Thank you, my friend.

    Working. Mint 10 & win7

  14. I edited the sda2 partition, and instead of it being called free space its designated as “unusable”

    What happened?
    I’m not used to doing this kind of stuff D;

  15. Thanks, I found this to be a very helpful tutorial. My Eeepc netbook is now dual-booted with Mint 14 Cinnamon. It did need some partition tweaking to start with as the netbook as is already had 4 primary partitions, but I used a partition manager to sort that out.

    • Also, I have 2 other primary partitions, but I don’t know what those are…

      I’m completely lost..

      • List the partitions and their sizes as they appear in the Advanced Partitioning Tool window.

        And be sure to read guide to disks and disk partitions in Linux.

        • /dev/sda1 – 208 MB, 69 MB used
          /dev/sda2 – 420190 MB, 152541 used (This is the one I used)
          unusable – 204337 MB
          /dev/sda3 – 15288 MB, 13580 used
          /dev/sda4 – 108 MB, 33 used (FAT32)

          • That space is unusable because the partitioning scheme in use does not allow more than 4 primary partitions. To make the space usable, you’ll have to delete 1 primary partition.

            So decide which of the primary partitions you can do without and delete it. Because sda1 and sda2 are your system partition and C drive respectively, you wouldn’t want to delete those.

            What do you have in sda3 and sda4?

          • I don’t actually, know, haha. I got this HP laptop of off Ebay. I went into Disk Management on Win7 and this is what it lists-

            – (C:)
            – HP_TOOLS (FAT32, 99MB, 91MB free)
            – RECOVERY (D:) [14.24 GB, 1.59 GB free)
            – SYSTEM (199 MB, 165 MB free)

            I don’t know what I can afford to wipe out.

          • Since this is a unit you got from eBay, best thing to do is reinstall Windows, because you don’t know what the person you got it from has on it, unless you absolutely trust the other party. Hope you understand the point I’m trying to convey.

            For this unit, you C drive is what Linux sees as /dev/sda2. The others are:

            /dev/sda1 = SYSTEM

            /dev/sda3 = RECOVERY (D:)

            /dev/sda4 = HP_TOOLS

            Don’t mess with sda1 and sda2.

            You can afford to delete sda3 or sda4. If you delete either one, its space will be merged with the space you recovered from C, so you can use the whole space to install Mint.

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