How to install Linux Mint 12 KDE on a btrfs file system

While we are still waiting for Btrfs, the B-tree File System, to be mature enough and be used as the default file system in Linux, it is already possible to install your favorite (Linux) distribution on a Btrfs file system. Linux Mint 12 KDE, a distribution based on Ubuntu Desktop, is one of those.

In this article, the steps required to install it (Linux Mint 12 KDE) on a Btrfs file system, are presented in an easy to follow manner. While the available installation image of this distribution is still a Release Candidate, the installation process will not change when the stable version is released. So this article can be used even with the stable version. (A release candidate was made available for download on Wednesday January 11.)

Installing a distribution on a Btrfs file system requires just three partitions – a boot partition, mounted at /boot; a second partition for /, the root file system; and the last for Swap, disk space that the system may use as virtual memory.

To start, download an installation image of the distribution from here and transfer the downloaded image to a DVD or USB stick. Boot the computer from it.

After booting has completed, you will be looking at a Live desktop of Linux Mint 12 KDE. Click on the “Install Linux Mint” icon on the desktop. The screen shot below is the second step of the installation process. The information here is just to let you know what is required to install this distribution. Click Continue to move to the next step.
Linux Mint 12 Installation Requirements

There are two disk partitioning options here. Using the first one, the default, will cause the installer to install the system on an ext4 file system. Attempting to installing the system on a Btrfs file system is a manual operation, so select “Manual.”
Linux Mint 12 KDE Guided Partition

The window should look like this when “Manual” is selected. Continue.
Linux Mint 12 KDE Manual Partition

That brings you to the advanced disk partitioning tool. If the target disk has not been initialized, you will have to do so before you can start creating partitions. Select the disk and click New Partition Table.
Linux Mint 12 KDE Create Partition Table

When that operation is completed, the window should look like the one shown in the screen shot below. Select the free space, and click Add to create the first partition.
Linux Mint 12 KDE Create Partition

The first partition will be mounted at /boot. This is where programs required for booting the system will be located. If, like the target disk used for this tutorial, there is no other partition on the disk, the installer will create it as a primary partition. A disk space of 500 MB should be more than enough for the boot partition. Though the objective is to install the system on a Btrfs file system, the boot partition can be on ext4. OK.
Linux Mint 12 KDE Create Boot Partition

With the boot partition created, select the remaining free space and click Add to create the next partition. This step will have to be repeated for the last partition too.
Linux Mint 12 KDE Free Partition Space

The second partition will be for /. This is the main file system, and you may assign the bulk of the remaining disk space to it, leaving just enough for the Swap partition, which will be created next. Select “btrfs journaling file system” from the “Use as” dropdown menu. OK.
Linux Mint 12 KDE Create Btrfs Partition

Last partition will be for Swap, which, depending on installed RAM or memory, will allocate between 2 GB to 4 GB to Swap. For guidance on how much disk space to allocate, see recommended disk space for Swap. For this tutorial, I am going with 4 GB. Be sure to select “swap area” from the “Use as” dropdown menu. OK.
Linux Mint 12 KDE Create Swap Partition

With all the partitions created, click Install Now to continue with the rest of the installation process.
Linux Mint 12 KDE Completed Btrfs Partitions

Related Posts

How to reset user password on Ubuntu 14.10 After publishing How to reset passwords on Fedora 21 and 22, I thought it was appropriate to do the same for Ubuntu 14.10. So this tutorial will sh...
Which Debian 5 iso image should you download? Like previous Debian GNU/Linux releases, Debian 5 gives you a number of options when it comes to downloading an iso image for installation. Regardles...
How to configure LVM on Mandriva One 2010 Mandriva One is one of three desktop Linux distributions published by Mandriva. It is a Live CD edition with the option to install to hard disk. Mand...
Use GRUB-Customizer to give GRUB a prettier face on Linux Mint 17.1 I've been playing with the Cinnamon edition of Linux Mint 17.1 since it was released, and I've just gotta say that it's the best desktop distribution ...
Guide to writing NGINX rewrite rules Looking for a definitive guide to crafting Nginx rewrite rules? Today is your lucky day! The folks at Nginx have published just what you're loo...
StackFolder and KLook integration Last November, I published an article titled 2 cool reasons to use the K Desktop Environment. The reasons I cited in that article, are two application...

We Recommend These Vendors and Free Offers

ContainerizeThis 2016 is a free, 2-day conference for all things containers and big data. Featured, will be presentations and free, hands-on workshops. Learn more at ContainerizeThis.com

Launch an SSD VPS in Europe, USA, Asia & Australia on Vultr's KVM-based Cloud platform starting at $5:00/month (15 GB SSD, 768 MB of RAM).

Deploy an SSD Cloud server in 55 seconds on DigitalOcean. Built for developers and starting at $5:00/month (20 GB SSD, 512 MB of RAM).

Want to become an expert ethical hacker and penetration tester? Request your free video training course of Online Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking

Whether you're new to Linux or are a Linux guru, you can learn a lot more about the Linux kernel by requesting your free ebook of Linux Kernel In A Nutshell.


2 Comments

  1. Pingback: Install Lisa on btrfs « 0ddn1x: tricks with *nix

  2. Pingback: Links 16/1/2012: Red Hat RHEV 3.0, LibreOffice 3.4.5 | Techrights

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*