How to install PC-BSD on an encrypted ZFS file system

With /boot created, click on the “+” button to create the next partition, which will be for swap. After swap has been created, you are going to repeat this step to create the ZFS root pool.

pbsdzfs4
With /boot created, select to create swap

The partition we are going to create here is for swap. So under Type, select SWAP, and assign the disk space. On a production system, I would normally encrypt swap, and any other partition or file system that can be encrypted. Your choice, but since we are going to create an encrypted ZFS system, it is better to encrypt whatever you can. SAVE.

pbsdzfs5
Creating swap

Time to create the third partition, which is going to be used for the ZFS root pool. Under Type, select ZFS. Allocate all the available disk space to this partition, enable encryption, and type in the encryption key or passphrase when prompted.

Under ZFS Pool Type, the available options are basic, mirror and raidz. The default is basic and since this installation is on a single-disk system, that is what we are going to use.

Below the ZFS File Systems/Mount Points section, click on the “+ Add” button to add the ZFS mount points.

pbsdzfs6
Creating the storage pool and filesystems

Clicking the “+ Add” button in the image above will bring up this window. This is where you specify the mount points, and you can specify all on the same line, separated by commas. You have to at least add the / mount point, but to take advantage of PC-BSD’s security system, it is recommended that you add /, /var and /usr. These are the same file systems created on a default installation. Keep in mind that if you create a separate mount point for /home, you will be putting it outside PC-BSD’s jail system. So I prefer to specify the three mount points shown. “+ Add.”

Note: ZFS has a jail feature, so you could still specify a separate mount point for /home, and use ZFS’s jail to confine it.

pbsdzfs7
Specifying the file systems

All is set. Save.

pbsdzfs8
Root pool and file systems created

Click Next to continue the installation. The next steps after this are where you create the root password, create a user, install, if you like, optional applications. The rest of the installation should take about 15 minutes. Then reboot.

pbsdzfs9
All partitions have been created

During the process of rebooting, you will be prompted for the passphrase that was used to encrypt the ZFS file system. Hope you did not forget it. Once rebooting has completed and you have logged in, you can start playing with ZFS. All the ZFS zfs, zpool commands will have to be run as root.

pbsdzfs12
Passphrase request on boot

That is how easy it is to install PC-BSD on an encrypted ZFS file system. Next time, we will look at how to install PC-BSD on a mirrored ZFS file system, and then on how to manage ZFS. To whet your appetite, here is a ZFS management tip: All the disk space available in the ZFS pool is accessible and usable by all the datasets (mount points). So on a ZFS system with /, /var ,and /usr mount points, and, say, 600 GB of available disk space, all the available disk space can be used by /var for example. However, you can use ZFS’s quota feature to set a specific size for /var. To do that, issue the following command – zfs set quota=5G tank0/var. Tank0 is the name of the pool, which is the default name on PC-BSD.

Related Posts

How to disable Secure Boot on a Lenovo G50 laptop A Lenovo G50 laptop with an AMD CPU and Radeon R5 GPU is the new laptop I bought to replace an old one. Like virtually all OEM computers that ship ...
Opera 26 released. Install it on Linux Mint 17.1 and Ubuntu 14.10 I don't quite remember the last time I used Opera browser, but it's been a very long time ago. I didn't even think that the company is still developin...
How to add and manage users in Pear Linux 5 Creating and managing user accounts in Pear Linux 5 or any other desktop Linux distribution is a very simple task. This article touches on the differe...
6 things to do after installing OpenMandriva Lx 2013.0 OpenMandriva Lx 2013.0 is the first stable release of OpenMandriva, a Linux desktop distribution that is a community-continuation of what used to be M...
Configure LVM in Foresight Linux Foresight is a Linux distribution built around the Conary package management system, with Gnome as the default desktop environment. Like most Linux di...
The Benefits of Microcaching with NGINX NGINX and NGINX Plus are commonly used as web content caches, ranging from individual websites to some of the largest content delivery networks (CDNs)...

We Recommend These Vendors and Free Offers

Launch an SSD VPS in Europe, USA, Asia & Australia on Vultr's KVM-based Cloud platform starting at $5:00/month (15 GB SSD, 768 MB of RAM).

Deploy an SSD Cloud server in 55 seconds on DigitalOcean. Built for developers and starting at $5:00/month (20 GB SSD, 512 MB of RAM).

Want to become an expert ethical hacker and penetration tester? Request your free video training course of Online Penetration Testing and Ethical Hacking

Whether you're new to Linux or are a Linux guru, you can learn a lot more about the Linux kernel by requesting your free ebook of Linux Kernel In A Nutshell.


2 Comments

  1. awesome walkthrough. thanks!

  2. Pingback: Installing PC-BSD on encrypted ZFS « 0ddn1x: tricks with *nix

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

*