Mandriva 2011, code name Hydrogen, is the latest desktop edition of the popular Linux distribution. Released August 28, 2011, it marks a new direction in the development of Mandriva desktop distributions. Where there used to be three versions of previous editions (Mandriva One, Mandriva Free, and Mandriva Powerpack), the Release Notes say that only two versions (One and Free) are available for download.
That is what is in the Release Notes. In reality, however, there is only one version of Mandriva 2011 and it is available as an installable Live DVD edition for 32- and 64-bit platforms, each weighing in at about 1.6GB and 1.7GB respectively.
This article offers a detailed review, based on test installations (in a virtual environment and two real computers) of the 32-bit version. Shown below is the boot menu, which gives you just two options. I think a third option, “Boot from local drive,” should have been added.
Installation Program and Installation Process: A statement in the official Tour Guide says that the installation program (of Mandriva Desktop 2011) is new. That, is not exactly true. It is still the same Mandriva installer. A few steps have been removed, a few rearranged, but the core of the installer, as far as I can see, has not changed. If you have ever installed previous releases of Mandriva, the image below should be very familiar. It is the step in the installation process that shows the available partitioning methods. Depending on the state of the target hard drive, one or two of the options shown will not be listed. Aside from the “Custom disk partitioning” option, selecting any other option will result in an automated partitioning of the target disk, without further input from you until the boot loader configuration step.
Selecting the “Custom disk partitioning” option opens the manual disk partitioning tool. Unlike the “advanced” partitioning tool of Ubuntu, this is truly advanced. This screenshot shows the default partitions created by the installer when an automated partitioning mode is selected. By clicking on the Auto Allocate button, the installer gives you the option to create partitioning schemes other than the one shown in the image below. The default file system is ext4, with other journaling file systems also supported. If you attempt to create partitions when in the expert mode, the installer gives you access to more file systems than you have ever used. See Mandriva 2011 installation and disk partitioning guide for a manual partitioning guide.
Though LVM, the Linux Logical Volume Manager, is supported, it is not the default. Disk encryption is also supported, but I found that the installer will not allow the encryption of the root partition. When a partition is assigned the / (root) mount point, the “Encrypt partition” checkbox is deactivated. The same holds true for a partition assigned the /var and /usr mount points. This comes as a surprise to me because just about two months ago, I published an article on how to install Mageia 1 on an encrypted LVM file system and another on how to install Mageia 1 on a btrfs file system. I could not do the same for Mandriva 2011, even though Mageia is a recent fork of Mandriva, and the installers are the same. Something is broken! If you are reading this and have succeeded in installing Mandriva 2011 on an encrypted disk, let me know how you did it.
The installer will, however, allow the encryption of the /home partition and other partitions other than those mentioned above.
The minimum hardware specs for installation is 640MB of memory and 10 GB of disk space. In spite of that, I was able to install it on a computer with 435MB of effective memory. A new installation takes up almost 5.9GB of disk space.
Desktop: Mandriva 2011 is the first (Mandriva) edition to be solely a KDE-based distribution. Other desktop environments will no longer be officially supported. Packages of those desktop environments are, however, still in the (official) repositories. While the latest stable version of KDE is KDE 4.6.7, Mandriva 2011 ships with KDE 4.6.5. Below is a screenshot of the default desktop. Nice wallpaper, by the way. While it looks like the standard KDE desktop, there are a few new features. For starters, the panel is not the traditional KDE panel, but a new panel called the Rocketbar, which is made up of three parts – the right side, with the application icons, the middle section, which serves as a dock for running applications not started from the right side, and the left side, where the notification area and system tray are.
Mousing over the items on the Rocketbar, I observed that text within the tooltips are about the same color as the background, which makes it virtually impossible to read. You can, if you bury your face in the monitor. In the screenshot below (you may click to enlarge it), for example, it is almost impossible to read the text in the tooltip, which has been typed on the desktop itself, just so you could read what it says. And this is not just isolated to items on the Rocketbar. You can see the same issue, while using the graphical package manager, the user manager and other graphical administrative applications.
Another new feature of the Mandriva desktop is the ROSA Launcher, or SimpleWelcome, a replacement for the traditional menu styles. In a nice way, it is loud and bold, looks very cool, and occupies the whole desktop. And it is made up of three panels or tabbed sections – Welcome, Applications and TimeFrame. The different sections of the Welcome panel, are clearly visible in the screenshot below. In pre-release screenshots which I posted here, the Recent Applications section was empty, out-of-the-box, so I was surprised when a new installation of the stable version showed this section pre-populated with seven application icons. The developers should have renamed it the Favorites section
The problem with that is, as you use the system, those pre-populated (application) icons are replaced by the most recently used ones, from left to right, in the order they were last used, not in alphabetical order. SimpleWelcome maintains its form at screen resolutions of 1024×768 and higher. At 800×600 and lower, it begins to fall apart.
This screenshot, for example, was taken from a system at a screen resolution of 800×600. You can see what has happened to SimpleWelcome. At higher screen resolutions, seven icons are visible horizontally. You can clearly see how many are visible at this resolution. This is a major drawback of SimpleWelcome, but if you will never use your system at 800×600, then you have nothing to worry about. By the way, if you do not like SimpleWelcome, if it is too loud for you, you can always replace it with the Kickoff menu, the Classic menu, or the Lancelot menu. How to customize Mandriva 2011 gives a step-by-step guide on how it is done.