Sabayon 5.4, released at the end of last month (September, 2010), is the latest version of the Gentoo-based, multi-purpose Linux distribution. This is the third release this year. The other two releases, Sabayon 5.2 and 5.3 were released in March and June respectively. Going by the recent history of this distribution (there were four releases in 2009), do not be surprised if we get one more release before the end of the year.
Because Sabayon has a separate installation image for the major desktop environments, and my review of Sabayon 5.3 was based on the GNOME edition of that version, I decided to base this review on the KDE edition. The rest of what you are going to read, therefore, is from a default installation of Sabayon Linux 5.4 KDE.
Note: Two images shown in this review were taken from an installation in a virtual environment, but the other images and all the observations were made on an installation on real hardware – an Intel Quad Core PC with 4 GB of RAM.
Installation – The installation program is the same that made its debut in Sabayon 5.3. This is Anaconda, the Fedora installation program. There is support for full disk encryption, the Linux Logical Volume Manager (LVM), soft-RAID, and installation to remote storage devices. LVM is the default disk partitioning scheme, and the installer creates three logical volumes (for /, /home and swap). A new installation of Sabayon 5.4 takes up less than 6 GB of disk space. Ext3, ext4, xfs, jfs, reiserfs are available journaling filesystem options. Btrfs is also supported.
Useful Links: How to configure full disk encryption on Sabayon. Sabayon installation guide. How to install Sabayon on a btrfs file system. All tutorials were based on Sabayon 5.3, but they are also applicable to Sabayon 5.4.
The installation image for Sabayon is a live CD, but there are options on the boot screen to install straight to hard disk, bypassing the live environment. When I chose the Graphical Installation option, the installer froze at step 9, which is the step where the installer presents the disk encryption and all the disk partitioning options. I had to boot into the live environment, where the installation completed successfully. This is the same issue I reported in my review of Sabayon 5.3. I guess the developers did not have the time to fix it before rolling out another “stable” version in less than four months.
Desktop – Sabayon 5.4 KDE ships with KDE 4.5.1, the latest stable version of the K Desktop Environment. 3D desktop effects is enabled out of the box, but the wobbly windows effect is not as smooth as that produced with CompizFusion.
Default Sabayon 5.4 KDE desktop
Installed Applications – Aside from the usual cast of KDE games, system tools, desktop accessories, and native KDE applications (Akregator, Kopete, Konversation, etc) the following applications are installed by default:
- OpenOffice.org office suite
- VLC Media Player
- Clementine Music Player, a cross-platform, Qt 4 port of Amarok 1.4
- Qt Assistant, a tool for presenting online documentation.
- XBMC Media Center
Conspicuous by its absence is the Amarok music player, now replaced by Clementine. Clementine’s UI is not as sleek as that of Amarok, Rhythmbox or any of the other music players, but its features seem to have impressed enough to merit inclusion in the list of applications installed by default. I am not sure if this is on Sabayon only, or a KDE-wide replacement. Other free and proprietary tools are available in the repository, and can be installed easily from a shell terminal or with the graphical package manager.
Package Management – Here is an excerpt from the section on Sulfur, Sabayon’s graphical package manager, in my review of Sabayon 5.3:
Sulfur is the graphical interface to Entropy, Sabayon’s binary package manager. It’s getting better with every release. It’s especially more fun to use in the advanced mode where there are more features available. One feature that is both good and bad is the search feature. Good because it is very fast, and bad because it cannot search across tabs. For example, if the Available tab is in focus, your search result will be limited to available packages.
All that still applies to Sulfur on Sabayon 5.4. Magneto, the applications update notifier works. It is a startup application, with no configurable options. It will check for updates just after login, or when you start it manually from the applet. It does not have any user-configurable options.
Sulphur Package Manager – Standard interface
Sulphur Package Manager – Advanced interface